There are too many causes of vertigo to list, but here are some common causes:
This is the commonest cause of vertigo, and it is readily treated with a re-positioning treatment in the clinic. If you experience brief attacks of dizziness, every time you lie down in bed, roll over, look up, or bend forward, you might have this condition.
This condition causes repeated attacks of dizziness (often with vomiting), which typically last several hours at a time. The attacks are associated with auditory symptoms, such as fullness in one ear (like having water in the ear), ringing, and hearing loss in the same ear.
This is a 'one-off' illness caused by an infection of the inner ear, or an interruption of blood supply to the inner ear. It is characterised by severe dizziness and vomiting for 2-5 days, followed by unsteadiness on your feet for several weeks or months after that.
Typically these patients are women aged 20-55, who have a history of migraine headaches in the past, and who experience attacks of dizziness and nausea without other brain or ear symptoms. The condition responds to treatment with migraine preventive medications.
This is typically a feeling of rocking dizziness, light-headedness and imbalance, which often occurs in a specific location: such as heights, shopping centres, car parks, or escalators. It can be very disabling, but it is treatable. It often begins after a period of travel (by sea, car, train or plane).